Transport

Theme Sponsor: ANZLIC (interim arrangement)

Description: The transport network is the means by which people, goods and freight, and many services are moved from one location to another.  In countries as remote and relatively sparsely populated as Australia and New Zealand, having effective transport systems are crucial to maintaining competitive and sustainable trade, business and recreation activities.  The transport network is also critical for border security and community safety.

Australia has over 813,000 km of public roads and several thousand km of private road networks, 44,800 km of rail, 58 marine ports and 330 certified or registered airports.  Australia relies on sea transport for 99 percent of exports, and a substantial proportion of domestic freight also depends on coastal shipping.  New Zealand has over 83,000 km of public roads, 4000 km of operating rail lines, 16 major marine ports and 82 airports. 92% of freight (by weight) in New Zealand is moved by road. Of the 3 billion tonnes of freight moved in Australia in 2009-10, 2 billion was moved by road and 800 million by rail.  Of the 389 billion kilometres travelled by passengers in 2009-10, 264 billion kilometres were travelled by passenger cars.

Maintaining and protecting the transport system requires significant investment.  In Australia in 2009, $15.8 billion was invested in road maintenance alone by the governments of Australia.

Committees: ICSM Roads Working Group (RWG)

Standards:  AS/NZS ISO 19115 - ANZLIC Metadata Profile Version 1.1
                   AS/NZS ISO 19131:2008 Geographic Information – Data product specifications
                   OGC compliant web services (WMS)

Datasets: Roads – Defined paths for the transfer of goods or movement of vehicles and people. They do not have fixed tracks for vehicular movement like a railway. Includes foot tracks, cycleways and ferry routes.
                Railways – transport systems using one or more rails to move vehicles carrying freight or passengers.
                Railway Stations – recognised stopping places where goods, vehicles or passengers may be transferred from one form of transport to the railway network (and vice versa).
                Airports – defined areas intended to be used for the arrival, departure and surface movement of aircraft and associated cargo, and the transfer of goods and passengers from one form of transport to the air network (and vice versa).
                Ports – defined areas intended to be used for the arrival and departure of marine craft and associated cargo, and the transfer of goods and passengers from the marine transport network to land (and vice versa).
                Navigation aids and obstacles on land - variable forms of markers or devices that aid travellers in determining their position or safe course. Includes transmission lines, buildings, radio towers and masts, skyscrapers, chimneys on power plants. (Note this may be an information product rather than a dataset).
                Marine navigation aids – variable forms of markers or devices that aid marine travellers in determining their position or safe course.
                Crossings – structures built to facilitate transport over or under another physical feature. Includes bridges, tunnels, fords, culverts and boardwalks.
                Traffic Control Devices – structures used to control, calm, slow or impede the movement of traffic on another transport feature.
 

 

AS/NZS ISO 19115 - ANZLIC Metadata Profile Version 1.1

AS/NZS ISO 19131:2008 Geographic Information – Data product specifications.

OGC compliant web services (WMS)

 

AS/NZS ISO 19115 - ANZLIC Metadata Profile Version 1.1

AS/NZS ISO 19131:2008 Geographic Information – Data product specifications.

OGC compliant web services (WMS)